Laptop Chip Level Training | CTEVT Certified laptop Repair Courses

Guru Institute of Engineering & Technology

Course Overview

In the field of computer science, nowadays Laptop repairing courses are one of the most ambitious courses that are withdrawing minds of many electronics diploma graduates to graduate computer and electronic engineers. As there is rise in buyers of smart phones and laptops day by day in this digital world, so more is the demand of skilled laptop and mobile Engineers for handling its various operations and maintaining them .

The IT industry is highly demanding chip level repairing expert Engineer, however still there is lack in number of expert engineers in the market. We are trying to bridging this gap by producing highly expert laptop engineering training them in real time problem solution domain.

We bring together global learning experience in Laptop Chip Level Engineering and deep research in Nepal. With our deep rooted 12 years of learning experience in the field of smart phone and Laptop maintenance, finally, we are able to launch courses from laptop beginner’s level to advance chip level circuit design and analysis, the first time in Nepal.

We are providing fully practical courses with globally updated syllabus under the team of highly experienced service-center Engineers’ in highly advanced fully equipped innovation electronic Laboratory. A better tuned syllabus of GURU explains accurate theory and covers essential practical tips to make the candidates capable of fixing almost every problems of Laptop repairing. The ambience itself will make a student to be alert on career. Students of GURU will be molded not only technically but morally too for becoming the future expert professional Hardware Engineers.

Servicing in Card Level L1


This is a Basic Laptop level-1 outline Customized syllabus for beginner level students

A. COMPUTER HARDWARE & PARTS DETAIL
Difference between Laptop and Desktop
ASSEMBLE D-ASSEMBLE Demo with Parts Identification,
ADAPTER: Work , Types , Working Concept , Volt, Ampere , PIN, Checking
BATTERY: Types, Cell, Pin out Detail, Basic Problem,
TFT/LCD: Type of LCD, TFT/LCD, size, pin, wide, CCFL
INVERTER: Usage of Concept of Inverter,
Motherboard: Types, Block Diagram, Identify
CPU: Types, Block Diagram, Identify
KEYBOARD: Types, Working Concept
HARD DISK: Types, Diagrams, Basic Problems
RAM: Types, Working Concept, Basic Problems
CD/DVD: Types, common fault
ASSEMBLE/De-ASSEMBLE DIFFERENT MODELS

B. DETAILED STRUCTURE OF MOTHERBOARD
Block diagrams of Laptop Motherboards, Understand the different chips of Laptop Motherboard
Block diagram of laptop motherboard
Notebook frame structure
Types of Intel platform
Type of AMD platform
Difference between difference platform
Connection of different chip, Address bus, data bus, control bus,etc.
Clock generator (ICS ,Cypress or ICW, Win bond , IMI)
CPU Types (Pentium, Celeron, series)
North Bridge Chips (NFORCE, AMD, SIS, VT, I845, I875)
South Bridge Chip (IS, VT, INTEL, NVDIA, VIA, IBM, FBM, GBM,
PCH(HM55, HM 65, SLj8e)
Single chip
Graphics chips (Nvdia, ATI, GForce AMD)
USB 2, Webcam, Blue tooth , SATA, HDD, LPC Bus , Mini PCI slot
Card bus connection, Card Reader ,Flash Rom, RTC LAN IEEE 1394
Internal CMOS battery RTC(real time clock)
Audio Chips (ALC, AC, CX, TPA, RTL, STA, AMC, HD Audio Codec)
LAN/Ethernet Chip (Realtek, Broadcom, BCM, 3COM, LF, ATPL)
I/O CONTROLLER LPC/KBC (Winbond, ENE, KBC, ITE, WPC, PC, FDCLPC)
Touch pad, Internal keyboard, connection in board
Fan, Heat sink
Flash ROM BIOS (legacy, UEFI)
Different connectors and sockets internal & external
Modem Acc, RTL, CD ROM connection, HDD connection, monitor, USB,
PS2, audio jack, etc.
VGA connection , Key Board Connection , Touch Pad Connection, Power
Board DVD Panel Top
Daughter Board

BIOS ENTERING KEYS OF DIFFERENT MODEL LAPTOPS 
Dell, HP, Lenovo, Acer, Toshiba, Samsung & Apple
Operating system Installation
Windows
MAC os
Linux
Driver Installation online and offline
Data Backup
Data Recovery
LAPTOP BEEP CODES
Meaning of Beep
Symptoms of Beep
Post code error of different debug card and BIOS
DEBUG CARD CODES
Introduction to debug cards
Types
Codes
Fault finds through Debug codes
TROUBLESHOOTING AND FAULT FINDING
Hardware
Software
Networking
Circuit Board

Basic Electronics L2

Basic Electronics L2
Course Duration: 30Hrs

Introduction to Electronics
Application of Electronics
Concept of matter 
Atomic structure
Conductor, Semi- conductor, Insulator
Electric charge, Potential difference, Electric current, Electrical energy, Electrical power
Resistance
Measuring units
Types of current
Direct current, Alternating current
Wave length, Cycle, Frequency, Amplitude
Voltage Sources 
AC &DC voltage source
Measuring instruments, Multimeter
Ohm’s Law –simple Calculations
Voltage, Current, Resistance, Power Relations
Voltage & Current Measurement (breadboard)
Electronic Components 
Passive &Active Components
SMT,SMD
SMT- advantages
Resistors 
Fixed –types, Specifications
Variable –types
Array
Colour coding
TDR (Thermister) ,LDR ,VDR
SMT resistors and Parallel & Series resistors
Current ,voltage measurement
Capacitors
Capacitance, Capacitor value
Capacitive Reactance
Specifications of Capacitor
Parallel & Series -coupling, filtering, bypassing
Fixed –Ceramic Capacitor, Mica Capacitor
Polyester Capacitor, Paper Capacitor
Electrolytic Capacitor (Aluminium, Tantalum)
Variable – types
SMT capacitors -Applications in Laptop (tank capacitor, EMIF, Sensor)
Dummy capacitors
Components checking using multimeter
Inductors 
Inductance, Inductive reactance
Self inductance & mutual inductance
Inductor- types (application base only)
Comparison between Capacitors & Inductors
Transformers, Specification
Step up Transformers, step down Transformers, Tapped Transformers
AC, chokes. Filters
SMT inductor and applications
Checking using Multimeter
FiltersSemi Conductors
N-Type & P-Type Semi Conductors
P-N junction, Biasing
Semi conductor Diodes
Diode – working, Specification
Classification of Diodes
Zener diode Voltage Regulator
SMT diodes and applications
Checking using Multi meter
Checking using by component Tester
DC Voltage source 
Cell
Primary & secondary cell
Voltage & current rating of CellCombination of cell
Battery- Series, & Parallel
Back up time & Charging time
Battery boosting
Battery
Battery -PPT
Types Of Battery, NiMH – NiCd, Li-Ion, Li-Polymer, Poly ascene.
Li-Ion & Li-Polymer – Protection Circuit
Advantages and Disadvantages.
AC to DC converter 
Rectifiers & filters
Different types of Rectifiers (Half wave & Full wave)
ApplicationsTransistor 
NPN & PNP Transistor
Transistor as a switch
Transistor as Amplifier
Different types of amplifiers – AF,RF,IF
Voltage amplifiers(pre-amp) and Power amplifiers
Multistage amplifiers (Ex: PA)
Tuned amplifiers
Comparison – FET, JFET & MOSFET
Advantages &disadvantages
SMT transistor-introduction and application
Checking using Multi meterIntegrated circuit 
Classification of IC , Advantages of IC
IC package – (PPT)
SOC, Multi chip package
Components array
Digital electronics 
Introduction (comparison between analog & digital)
Logic gates 
AND, OR, NOT
Flip- Flop, Multiplexers, De multiplexers
Memory- Classification
RAM, ROM, EEPROM
Flash Memory, OTP

Circuit/Schematic analysis L3

What is PCB?

Single Sided (only one layer).
Double Sided (two layers).
Multi-layer (more than two layers).

Schematic Reading and Circuit analysis

Component code in schematic

Schematic symbol

Introduction to Basic Circuit Design Process

Types of Printed Circuit Board

PCB Layers

Voltage, Data, Signal, Impedance and ground layer

Introduction to quanta, compal , foxcoon and dell schematic

Power distribution of motherboard

Voltage Rails S0, S3, S4/S5  states

Always

Run Voltage

Suspend Voltage

SMBUS Control table

Laptop Power Up sequence

AC mode and DC Mode

Pentium

Dual core

I series – First Generation to  7th Generation

MAC Book and Tablet

Laptop Power Supplies

Introduction to Laptop Charging Section and working principle

Standby power supply

Ram Power supply

Terminate power supply (VTT)

ICH and GMCH power supply

PCH power supply

CPU (Core Supply, VCCP)

GFX Core Supply

Graphic Power supply (DPGU)

Transfer Power supply

DATA   Allocation Table

CLOCK Allocation Table

Communication of Data and clock

DC Power Supply Introduction

Introduction

Types

Voltage, Amp  adjustment

Use A DC Regulated Power Supply Detect Shorted Component

Embedded Controller (EC, SIO, KBC & SMSC) Sections

INTRODUCTION

Relation with Supplies and Chip

PS2 Interface:-

SPI Device Interface

SPI Flash ROM

GPIO: PM_SLP_S3#, PM_SLP_S5#, EC_SMI#, MCH_TSATN_EC#, MINI1_LED#,  LOCAL_DIM, COLOR_ENG_EN, INVT_PWM, FAN_SPEED1, BT_ON#, ON/OFF, 30 PWR_SUSP_LED, WLAN_LED#, FSTCHG, BATT_GRN_LED#, BATT_AMB_LED#, PWR_LED, SYSON, , VR_ON ACIN, SATA_CLKREQ#, EC_SMI#, EC_SCI#

GPO: EC_RSMRST#, EC_LID_OUT# 22, EC_ON, EC_SWI# EC_PWROK, BKOFF# , WL_OFF#, EC_ACIN

GPI: PM_SLP_S4#, , ENBKL, EAPD, EC_THERM#

SUSP# PBTN_OUT#, EC_PME#

 

SM BUS: SMB_CK1, SMB_DA1, SMB_CK2, SMB_DA2

Int. K/B Matrix

DA Output: DAC_BRIG, EN_DFAN1, IREF, CALIBRATE#

AD Input : ADP_I , BATT_TEMP

 

PWM Output :         ADP_I , BATT_TEMP, ACOFF

LPC & MISC :    EC_GA20, EC_KBRST#, SERIRQ, LPC_FRAME#, LPC_AD0, CLK_PCI_LPC, PLT_RST#, EC_SCI#

ICH (South Bridge) SIGNALS

Power MGT: PBTN_OUT#, PM_DPRSLPVR,

PCI:  PLT_RST#, CLK_PCI_ICH

LPC:  LPC_FRAME# 29,

LAN/GLAN:  +1.5VS_PCIE_ICH, HDA_BITCLK_AUDIO

CPU: EC_GA20, H_A20M#, H_DPRSTP, H_DPSLP#, H_FERR#, H_PWRGOOD, H_IGNNE#, H_INIT#, H_INTR, EC_KBRST#, H_NMI, H_SMI#, H_STPCLK#, H_THERMTRIP#

IHDA: HDA_BITCLK_AUDIO, HDA_SYNC_AUDIO, HDA_RST_AUDIO, HDA_RST_AUDIO, HDA_RST_AUDIO, HDA_SDOUT_AUDIO

SATA: SATA_LED#, SATA_DTX_C_IRX_N0, SATA_DTX_C_IRX_P0, SATA_DTX_C_IRX_N1, SATA_DTX_C_IRX_P1, CLK_PCIE_SATA, CLK_PCIE_SATA,

HAD FOR GMCH: CLK_PCIE_SATA, CLK_PCIE_SATA, CLK_PCIE_SATA, CLK_PCIE_SATA,

SMB: ICH_SMBCLK, ICH_SMBDATA,

CLOCKS: CLK_ICH_14M, CLK_ICH_48M, SUSCLK,

sys/gpio: EC_SWI#, XDP_DBRESET#, PM_SYNC#, EC_LID_OUT#, H_STP_PCI#, H_STP_CPU#, H_STP_CPU#, ICH_PCIE_WAKE#, SERIRQ, EC_THERM#,

power mgt: PM_SLP_S3#, PM_SLP_S4#, PM_SLP_S5#, ICH_PWROK, PM_DPRSLPVR, PBTN_OUT#, CK_PWRGD

controller  link:  CL_CLK0, CL_DATA0, CL_DATA0, CL_RST#0, EC_ACIN,

pci express: PCIE_PTX_C_IRX_N, PCIE_PTX_C_IRX_P, PCIE_ITX_C_PRX_N, PCIE_ITX_C_PRX_P, PCIE_PTX_C_IRX_N, PCIE_PTX_C_IRX_P, PCIE_ITX_C_PRX_P, VR_ON, VGATE,

spi: SPI_CS#,

usb: USB_OC#,USB_OC#, Within 500 mils, MB USB Conn. USB/B, CMOS Camera, Card-Reader, USB/B, Bluetooth, MINI CARD,

direct media interface: DMI_MTX_IRX_N0 8

DMI_MTX_IRX_P

DMI_MTX_IRX_N

DMI_ITX_mrx_n ,  CLK_PCIE_ICH# ,

CLK_PCIE_ICH

host:  H_D#[0.., H_RESET#, H_CPUSLP#, H_ADS#, H_ADSTB#, H_ADSTB#, H_BNR#, H_BPRI#, H_BR0# , H_DEFER, H_DBSY#, CLK_MCH_BCLK, CLK_MCH_BCLK#, H_DPWR# , H_DRDY#, H_DRDY#, H_HIT#, H_HITM#, H_LOCK# , H_TRDY#, H_DINV#

H_DINV#

H_DINV#

H_DINV#H_DSTBN#

H_DSTBP#

H_DSTBN#

H_DSTBP#

H_DSTBN#

H_DSTBP#

H_DSTBN#, H_DSTBP#, H_REQ#, H_RS#,

ddr/clk/controller/compensation: DDRA_CLK0

DDRA_CLK

DDRB_CLK

DDRB_CLK

DDRA_CKE

DDRA_CKE

DDRA_SCS

DDRA_SCS

DDRB_SCS

DDRB_SCS

DDRA_ODT

DDRA_ODT

DDRB_ODT

DDRB_ODT

clock: CLK_MCH_3GPLL

CLK_MCH_3GPLL

CLK_DREF_SSC

CLK_DREF_SSC#,  CLK_DREF

CLK_DREF_

dmi: DMI_ITX_MRX_N

DMI_ITX_MRX_P

DMI_MTX_IRX_N

DMI_MTX_IRX_P

DMI_MTX_IRX_P

cfg: MCH_CLKSEL,

MCH_CLKSEL, MCH_CLKSEL,

pm:  H_DPRSTP#

PM_SYNC#

H_THERMTRIP#

PM_DPRSLPVR

PM_EXTTS#

PM_EXTTS#

PLT_RST

misc: SDVO_SCLK

SDVO_SDATA , MCH_CLKREQ#

MCH_ICH_SYNC

had: HDA_BITCLK_MCH

HDA_RST_MCH#

GMCH Signals

Motherboard main signals and commands,

general Motherboard Switching system

FIRST RESET SIGNAL ON COMPUTER CIRCUIT

VALW / Power Always or MAIN DC POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT LINE

RTC

AC Mode

DC  Mode

2.VS the Power Switch

VS POWER SUPPLY  for  BOOTSTRAP DEVICE :

VS for Strap Boot device

.SODIM/RAM  ( VCCRAM )

CHIP POWER ( VCCP )

VS to Device

Signal Processing

Microcontroller

BIOS

CHIP

Processor

Dell , HP , Acer, Apple, Toshiba, Samsung  and other laptop signals

UNDERSTANDING DIFFERENT SIGNALS OF DIFFERENT MOTHERBOARDS

Main signals of clock generator (xin, xout, PWRDWN#, PWRGD#, PCI STP#, CPUSTP#, SCLK, SDATA, CLK VDD CPU.…)

Main signals of CPU Processor (VID O-5, VCCP, CPU, VCC CORE, VSS, HLOCK, CPU PWRGD ……)

Main signals of North bridge (VCC, VCCHL VCCDV, VTTLF, VCCSM,DVOCD, DVOCCLK, MT2CCLK, DVICLK, DVICLK, PWROK, VSUS ……)

Main signals of South Bridge (VCPV, VCCLAN, VCCSUS, VSS, LCD1D, CLK66 ICH, CPU PWRGD, LPC, GPIO, IMVPOK, VCCPLL, V5REF….)

Main signals of Ethernet chips

Main signals of Sound audio Chip

(SHUTDOWN, VDD, PVDD1, PVDD2, LIN+…)

Main Signals Power Supply Chip

Main signals of MAIN POWER CHIP 5V, 3.3V  (PGOOD, DL2, DX2, CS2, FB2, ON1, ON2, VDD, BSTI, DH1, LX1, CS1, FB1….)

Main signals of  SECONDARY POWER SUPPLY CHIP  2.5, 1.5V  (—

Main signals of  CPU power supply chips :- (SYSPOK, PWROK, DPRSLPVR, DPSLP, VRON, VIN, VCC, VDD, OA+, OA-, DH, LX, DL, TON, FB, CSN,CSP…..)

Main signals of charging discharge control chip

Main signals of LVDS Section:

RTC signals

GRaphic Signals

Normal graphic

switchable graphic

SPI ROM and PCH ROM

Introduction to BIOS

Main Bios bios

EC /PCH Bios (embedded controller bios).\

ID Bios

Calculation of BIOS

Extracting

Bios Editing

Backup

Updating

EC BIOS Programming

BGA reballing L4

BGA reballing M4
Course Duration: 25Hrs

This is the final module of laptop chip level engineering students will get an opportunity to enter lab-v and sit at least 4,5 hours per day, students only exit from institution after complete given task

IN this module we will learn about advanced signal analysis and command of laptop and desktop motherboard

BGA machine operation method

Proper Rebelling Process

Chip fixing and removing process

Intel , Amd, ATI, Nvdia, GMCH, ICH , PCH and Processor

Microcontroller programming using SPI and Serial Programmer

Graphic Laptop to non graphic conversation method

Circuit bypassing method

Signal tracing by Analogue Oscilloscope

Signal tracing by Digital  Oscilloscope

Advanced BIOS Repair

Preparation and Bios Edition (support programs and methods)

Preparation and Bios Edition (Decompression and Bios Region)

SIO Bios and the PCH Bios

ME Region (Intel) and manipulating the BIOS files

Bios Dell (Unpacking and Decryption)

Bios Asus (Structure, Unpacking and Handling)

Bios Asus (Structure, Unpacking and Handling)

Advanced Decompression Method (Update Bios)

HP Bios (Structure, Unpacking and Handling)

Bios HP direct data injection in the Bios (Product ID, Serial Number)

 

CODEING IC

Understand the coding ics like CK=CE, DH=DJ EM=FM.

Equivalent IC and Chip

Course Features

  • Mid Level
  • Yes

What you Get?

  • Well equipted lab
  • Highly experience instructure
  • Realtime project development
  • Internship in IT Industry
  • Job placement